Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP)

Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP)

News: Recently, the Japanese PM during his visit to India unveiled Japan’s New Plan for a FOIP and exchanged views about deepening the Japan-India Special Strategic and Global Partnership.

 Japan’s FOIP emphasizes on the need to uphold the rules-based order and respect each other’s territorial sovereignty, at a time when the international community is at a historical turning point.

What are the 4 pillars of cooperation under FOIP?
 Addressing challenges in an Indo-Pacific way - Incorporating realistic and practical projects in a wide range of areas, such as climate change, food security, global health and cybersecurity.
 Principles for peace and rules for prosperity - Japan wants to engage in economic development programmes such as the G-20 Principles for “Quality Infrastructure Investment”.
 Multi-layered connectivity - The 3 areas identified for introducing more such projects are Southeast Asia, South Asia and the South Pacific/Pacific Island countries. Japan has made a new commitment of $100 million towards the Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund and It will promote the Bay of Bengal-Northeast India industrial value chain concept in cooperation with India and Bangladesh, etc.
 Extending efforts for security and safe use of the “sea” to the “air” - Japan will help in strengthening the capabilities of maritime law enforcement agencies in other countries. Towards these objectives, Japan will implement the “strategic use of Official Development Assistance (ODAs)”.
 Japan also announced to mobilise a total of more than $75 billion in public and private funds by 2030 for infrastructure development. 

Importance of FOIP

o Japan is tacitly acknowledging the threat it faces

o Broader regional security

o In global uncertainties, there is need to give fresh push to the FOIP concept

o Japan wants to play central role in FOIP

o Seeks to address how International order should be like

India and Japan:

 In spite of some differences in the Ukraine conflict, Japan remains one of India’s closest friends in Asia given their shared concerns over the aggressive Chinese activities.
 Japan’s FOIP is more like India’s concept of Indo-Pacific Oceans initiative which has seven pillars.
 Maritime Security, Maritime Ecology, Maritime Resources, Capacity Building and Resource Sharing, Disaster Risk Reduction and Management, Science, Technology and Academic Cooperation and Trade Connectivity and Maritime Transport.

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