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Voice of Global South Summit
News: Prime Minister Modi recently inaugurated a virtual event, “Voice of the Global South Summit”.
• India hosted the summit in a bid to articulate the views of the developing countries regarding the effects of the pandemic and the war in Ukraine. The event has planned eight ministerial sessions including finance, energy, education, foreign affairs, and commerce.
• It was held under the theme - ‘Unity of Voice, Unity of Purpose’ - essentially envisages bringing together countries of the global south and sharing their perspectives and priorities on a common platform across a whole range of issues.
• Prime Minister through this event has set the stage on behalf of developing countries, many of which are united by a history of colonisation.
• Offering to become the voice of the Global South, India during the event gave a new agenda to the world on behalf of the countries of the South: ‘respond, recognise, respect, and reform’.
• The ‘Global South’ broadly refers to countries in Asia, Africa, and South America.
• The PM stressed that The Global South does not have adequate voice in the “eight decades old model of global governance” and that it should shape the “emerging order”.
• The goal of India in 2023 is to represent the Global South
Why set categorization of Global North and Global South?
• What sets the terms Global North and South apart are that first, they are arguably more accurate in grouping countries together, measuring similarly in terms of wealth, indicators of education and healthcare, etc.
• Another commonality between the South countries is that most have a history of colonisation, largely at the hands of European powers.
• Why the concept is being reiterated now is partly because of the economic emergence of some of these South countries, such as India and China, in the last few decades.
• Many consider the world to now be multipolar rather than one where the US alone dominates international affairs.
• The progress achieved by many Asian countries is also seen as challenging the idea that the North is the ideal.
What are the possible limitations?
• The problem of proper naming is still not resolved. North countries paying for funding green energy, having historically contributed to higher carbon emissions, many in the Global North have objected to China and India’s exclusion from this, given their increasing industrialisation.
• In the rise of Asia, the continued neglect of Africa has been questioned as well.
• There is also the question of whether the South simply aims to replace the North and the positions it occupies, again continuing a cycle in which a few countries accumulate crucial resources.
• In this multipolar world, the whole North and South needs to come together to fight the issues of developed and developing countries and promote the East like the West.
• Unhindered flow of International trade, capital flows across countries could lead to contraction in North-South divide.