Tilapia Parvovirus

Facts for Prelims

Tilapia Parvovirus

News: Recently, India has reported the presence of tilapia parvovirus (TiPV) for the first time in Tamil Nadu., affecting farm-bred tilapia fish.

About
• Tilapia parvovirus (TiPV) is a virus that primarily affects tilapia fish species. It is a small, nonenveloped, single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) virus that belongs to the Parvoviridae family.
• TiPV was first reported in China in 2019 and Thailand in 2021. India is the third country to report the occurrence of TiPV.
• In India, the virus was reported for the first time in Tamil Nadu, affecting farm-bred tilapia and causing a high mortality rate. This DNA virus caused mortality ranging from 30 to 50% in the farm and 100% mortality in the laboratory.
• Tilapia, considered a “poor man’s fish,” was introduced to Indian freshwater bodies in the 1950s. 

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