Space missions in 2024

Space missions in 2024

Context: 2024 is another year with multiple Space missions to be launched across the world.

List of Important Space missions:
• Europa Clipper
• Artemis II launch
• VIPER to Search for Water on the Moon
• Lunar Trailblazer and PRIME-1 Missions
• JAXA’s Martian Moon eXploration Mission
• ESA’s Hera Mission

What are ISRO’s space missions for 2024?

PSLV-C58 with XPoSat
• XPoSat, India\'s first X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite, was launched in January 2023 aboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C58).
• This mission aims to investigate the polarization of intense X-ray sources in the universe, focusing on pulsars, black hole X-ray binaries, and other celestial objects.

NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR)
• The NISAR, a collaborative mission between NASA and ISRO, is a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite designed for remote sensing, providing insights into various Earth systems including ecosystems, ice mass, vegetation biomass, and natural hazards.

Gaganyaan-1
• The Gaganyaan 1 mission is a critical step in India\'s Human Spaceflight Programme.
• This test flight, involving three crew members, is a collaborative effort between ISRO and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) to pave the way for Manned Space Exploration.

Mangalyaan-2 (MOM 2)
• Mangalyaan-2, or Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM 2), is ISRO\'s ambitious sequel to its successful Mars mission.
• This mission, aimed at studying the surface, atmosphere, and climatic conditions of Mars, will equip the orbiter spacecraft with advanced scientific instruments, including a hyperspectral camera, magnetometer, and radar.
• MOM 2 is a testament to India\'s expanding prowess in planetary exploration.

Shukrayaan-1
• Under the Venus Orbiter Mission, ISRO plans to launch Shukrayaan-1, a spacecraft destined to orbit Venus for five years.
• It aims to study the atmosphere of Venus, marking India\'s first foray into exploring the mysteries of the second planet from the Sun. 

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