Ayush Grid

Ayush Grid

News: The Ministry of Ayush in India is leading an effort to integrate traditional medicine with artificial intelligence (AI) through the Ayush Grid, a comprehensive IT backbone for the traditional medicine sector.

Potential of AI in Medicine:
 Drug Discovery - Using natural language processing algorithms to analyse scientific papers and identify potential drug targets. Western Areas - Daulat Beg Oldie area, Demchok in South, Depsang Bulge, Galwan and Pangong lake and Hot spring Central Sector - Barahoti pasture near Chamoli, Uttrakhand Eastern Sector (AP) - The international boundary and The LAC as defined under Mcmahon Line 1914.
 Diagnostics - Using machine learning algorithms to analyse medical images and predict the likelihood of certain conditions, such as cancer or heart disease.
 Telemedicine – E-Sanjeevani by government of India had recently crossed 10 crore beneficiaries.
 Clinical Decision Support - To analyse patient data and recommend the most effective treatments based on the patient’s medical history.
 Traditional Medicine - The Ayush Grid aims to transform the Ayush sector using AI to provide efficient, holistic, affordable, and quality services to all through a secure and interoperable digital ecosystem.
 Robotic surgery

Issues with AI in medicine:
 Lack of accountability – No laws on accountability in case of failure of treatment provided by AI.
 Dearth of Data diversity - An algorithm trained only on data from white male patients may not perform well on women or people of colour.
 Bias - An algorithm trained on data that includes racial biases may end up perpetuating those biases.
 Privacy issues
 Black box problem - It is often difficult to interpret how an AI algorithm arrived at its decision. This is known as the “black box” problem. In medical settings, this can be a concern because doctors need to understand the reasoning behind a diagnosis or treatment recommendation.

Recent government initiatives to promote AI in healthcare:
 Ayushman Bharat Digital India Mission
 IndiGen Programme (for genome sequencing of Indians)
 Human Genome Project
 Health Stack
 ICMR guideline of use of AI in Healthcare
 AIRAWAT (AI Research, Analytics and Knowledge Assimilation platform) - India’s first AI-specific cloud computing infrastructure. 

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