Rwanda (Asylum and Immigration) Bill

Rwanda (Asylum and Immigration) Bill

Context: The UK parliament has approved a bill enabling the government to send asylum seekers to Rwanda for their claims to be assessed there. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has highlighted the urgency of addressing the influx of migrants arriving in small boats seeking refuge from violence and instability in various countries.

• In April 2022, then-UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson signed an agreement with the Rwandan government allowing the UK to transfer certain asylum-seekers to Rwanda.
• This initiative was portrayed by the government as a means to combat human trafficking and save lives, given the perilous conditions in which many asylum-seekers attempt to enter the UK.
• Under the program, individuals arriving in Britain as undocumented stowaways in trucks or boats would be transported approximately 6,400 km to Rwanda.
• Upon arrival, they would undergo assessment for potential resettlement in Rwanda.
• The UK government allocated millions of pounds to its Rwandan counterpart to cover expenses related to housing and integrating the migrants as part of this pilot program.
• Initially intended to last five years, the scheme aimed to support migrants with access to training, healthcare,and shelter to facilitate their resettlement process.

Rising Small Boat
The number of migrants arriving in Britain on small boats
increased drastically from 299 in 2018 to 45,774 in 2022
Cause of IncreaseMigrants pay criminal gangs substantial sums to facilitate their
illegal crossings across the English Channel.
Legislation PassedThe House of Lords approved the Safety of Rwanda (Asylum and
Immigration) Bill. 
Purpose of the BillDesignates Rwanda as a \'safe third country\' to which asylum
seekers arriving illegally in Britain can be sent for processing.
Objective of Sending
Asylum Seekers to
To address the influx of illegal arrivals by directing asylum seekers
to have their claims processed in Rwanda.
Attempt to Overturn
Supreme Court Ruling
The bill is an effort to sidestep a Supreme Court ruling that
deemed Rwanda unfit due to its human rights violations. 
Previous Supreme
The UK Supreme Court previously ruled that Rwanda\'s human
rights record, including enforced disappearances and torture,
made it an unsuitable destination for asylum seekers.
Government Response
to Supreme Court
UK government signed a treaty with Rwanda in December
2023 to enhance protections for migrants, enabling the passage
of the Safety of Rwanda Bill.


• The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) emphasized that asylum seekers should not be treated as commodities and transferred to other  countries for processing, citing significant risks without adequate safeguards.
• In 2022, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) intervened by preventing the departure of the first plane from the UK to Rwanda under the asylum transfer plan.
• Opposition parties in the UK criticized the Rwanda plan, citing concerns over its high cost and its limited focus on addressing the majority of immigrants arriving in the country.
• The UNHCR cautioned against the practice of transferring refugees and asylum seekers to third countries without robust protections, highlighting potential dangers associated with such arrangements. 

DICS Branches

Our Branches

DICS Ahmedabad


(Head Office)

Address : 506, 3rd EYE THREE (III), Opp. Induben Khakhrawala, Girish Cold Drink Cross Road, CG Road, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, 380009.

Mobile : 8469231587 / 9586028957

Telephone : 079-40098991



Address: A-306, The Landmark, Urjanagar-1, Opp. Spicy Street, Kudasan – Por Road, Kudasan, Gandhinagar – 382421

Mobile : 9723832444 / 9723932444


DICS Vadodara


Address: 2nd Floor, 9 Shivali Society, L&T Circle, opp. Ratri Bazar, Karelibaugh, Vadodara, 390018

Mobile : 9725692037 / 9725692054


DICS Surat


Address: 403, Raj Victoria, Opp. Pal Walkway, Near Galaxy Circle, Pal, Surat-394510

Mobile : 8401031583 / 8401031587


DICS New Delhi

New Delhi(In Association with Edge IAS)

Address: 57/17, 2nd Floor, Old Rajinder Nagar Market, Bada Bazaar Marg, Delhi-60

Mobile : 9104830862 / 9104830865