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Context: You can read it in context of the term Global South that is in news.
What is the Brandt Line?
• The Brandt Line is an invisible line across the world that divides the rich north from the poor south. It corresponds with the divide between economically developed and industrialized countries and those countries that are less economically developed.
• The Brandt Line was introduced by Willy Brandt in the 1970s to illustrate the rich and poor countries of the world.
• The United States, Europe, and Russia all are north of the Brandt Line, and therefore considered richer. On the other hand, most African and South American countries are below the Brandt Line. The Brandt Line circles the globe at roughly 30 degrees north, although it does shift radically south at Australia and New Zealand so that those two countries are included in the rich north.