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News: Recently, the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal has produced cloned female calves of the desi breed Gir.
It is India's first cloned Gir female calf named Ganga.
To clone the Gir, oocytes are isolated from live animals using ultrasound-guided needles, and then, matured for 24 hours under control conditions.
The somatic cells of elite cows are used as donor genomes, which are fused with OPU-derived enucleated oocytes. Following chemical activation and in-vitro culture, the developed blastocysts are transferred into recipient mothers to deliver the Gir calf.