2nd Voice of Global South Summit

2nd Voice of Global South Summit

News: Recently, The 2nd Voice of Global South Summit, hosted by India, focused on condemning the Hamas attacks of October 7.

What is VOGSS?
• Voice of Global South Summit is a platform where countries from the Global South, often described as developing or less developed, come together to share perspectives and priorities. The summit focuses on sustaining momentum toward a more inclusive, representative, and progressive world order.

Key Highlights:
• PM Narendra Modi condemned the Hamas attacks on October 7. He advocated for restraint, dialogue, and diplomacy in the Israel-Hamas conflict.
• PM inaugurated DAKSH-IN (Development and Knowledge-Sharing initiative), a global center for excellence for Global South countries. Emphasized that the Global South now has a voice on the global stage.
• PM proposed five principles: consultation, cooperation, communication, creativity, and capacity building.
• India has taken several initiatives for South-South cooperation, including the induction of the African Union into the G20 Grouping, International Solar Alliance, Global Biofuel Alliance, and Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure.
• Initiatives such as MAHARISHI focus on global food security, while the G20 Digital Public Infrastructure Framework aim to enhance collaboration and address shared challenges among Global South.

What is Global South?
• The term “Global South” refers to various countries often described as “developing,” “less developed” or “underdeveloped.” The concept of the Global South can be traced to the Brandt report of 1980.

Challenges faced by Global South:
• Skewed industrialization favoring advanced economies, hindering Global South progress.
• Developed countries provide substantial economic stimulus while developing counterparts face insufficiencies.
• The Ukraine War and the COVID-19 pandemic have exposed vulnerabilities in the supply chain, affecting the availability of essential goods like food, vaccines, and energy in the Global South.
• The countries of the Global South are facing the adversarial consequences of climate change largely due to the historical polluters of the Global North.
• Extreme weather events, inability to cope up with modernization and development often promote military coups in such country which impacts democratic principles and people’s rights are curbed.

Way Forward
• Establish a framework that promotes energy security, food security and integrates countries in Global South in global supply chain.
• Provide adequate measures which promote sustainable energy transition that can bring overall socioeconomic development to the countries of the Global South.
• Reforming UNSC, multilateral bodies is the need of the hour. Such bodies should be more inclusive with countries such as India, RSA, Brazil which can protect the interest of Global south. 

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