List of probable Topics for Mains 2023

List of probable Topics for Mains 2023 :

Society and Social Justice:
1. Person with Disabilities
2. MGNREGA (Reduced budgetary allocation)
3. Ethnic conflict and its impact on unity
4. Unplanned Urbanization
5. Right to Health and Universal Healthcare
6. POSH Act
7. Food Security Challenge/Addressing Malnutrition – (Global Hunger Index ranking)
8. India’s Transgender Community
9. Population paradox/Reaping benefit of Demographic dividend/Impact of declining TFR
10. Women (STEM/empowerment/maternal health/gender gap/ AI & women)
11. Workplace gender inclusivity

Agriculture:
1. New Agreement on Fisheries subsidies under WTO
2. Battery energy storage system
3. National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture
4. Technology-led transformation in Agriculture
5. Mission Millets
6. Integrated Pest Management
7. Coffee industry
8. GM crops
9. Sugarcane Industry
10. Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture
11. Urban agriculture
12. Edible Oil (NMEO-OP)
13. Inefficiency in post-harvest supply chain - hurdle in doubling farmers income

Polity:
1. Criminal Law reform
2. National Commission of Women (Manipur issue)
3. Issues related to office of Governor
4. Defamation/Hate Speech
5. Basic structure doctrine issues
6. Disqualification under RPA
7. Coalition politics & Anti-defection law
8. Declining role of Parliament
9. Defamation/Hate Speech
10. Uniform Civil Code
12. Mediation Bill and Pre-litigation mediation
13. 69th CAA, Delhi vs LG
14. NHRC
15. Inter-State council (ISC reconstituted in 2022)

Economy:
1. Indian gig economy
2. RBIs Monetary Policy and its performance
3. Internationalization of rupee/De-dollarisation of rupee
4. Foreign trade policy 2023
5. SEBI
6. India’s Innovation ecosystem/Startups
7. Capital Account, Current Account, BOP
8. Role of innovative PPP models
9. Green GDP and Green Finance
10. PLI Scheme – Manufacturing
11. Logistics Sector
12. CBDC/ONDC
13. Big Tech Monopoly
14. Fiscal consolidation
15. Railways/Vande Bharat targets/National Rail Plan Vision 2030
16. GST and its performance
17. Windfall tax
18. RBIs Monetary Policy and its performance
19. Semiconductor Industry/Design linked Incentive

Geography:
1. Deep Sea Mining
2. Lithium reserves in India and worldwide
3. Heat waves
4. El-Nino and its impact
5. Drainage system of Himalayas
6. Urban Flooding
7. Rare Earth elements
8. Earthquake and earthquake related disasters
9. Marine Natural Gas Hydrates
10. Joshimath disaster/Subsidence
11. Phenomenon of sinking islands in India"s coastal regions

Policy Based:
1. Smart PDS Scheme
2. Universal Social Security (Priorities for G20)
3. NEP 2020
4. National Green Hydrogen Mission
5. Nat Data Governance Framework policy
6. India Space Policy 2023
7. National Suicide Prevention Strategy
8. National Geospatial Policy, 2022

Science and Technology:
1. Bioeconomy/Biomanufacturing
2. ISRO – Gaganyan, Chandrayan 3
3. Artemis accord
4. Quantum Technology
5. Data Protection bill/ Data management/ Data challenges/ Data integrity and sovereignty
6. Digital infrastructure (Indian stack/ONDC)
7. Nuclear Fusion
8. Drone and counter-drone system
9. Indian Biological Data Centre
10. Critical minerals
11. Generative AI, (AI in education/healthcare)
12. Deep Ocean Mission/Mission Samudrayan

International Relations:
1. Afghanistan
2. India soft power
3. IPEF/RCEP
4. India - Egypt
5. India - Germany
6. iCET
7. Black sea Initiative
8. India – USA
9. Indus water treaty
10. BRICS – Expansion and New Currency
11. Global Security Initiative
12. Changing dynamics in Middle East
13. G20 summit: Role, relevance, can it replace UN, India role in G20
14. Role of UN in global conflict
15. New cold war
16. India – ASEAN
17. India – France
18. Indian diaspora
19. India - China
20. India – Australia

Internal Security:
1. AFSPA
2. Agnipath Scheme
3. Khalistan issue
4. Instability in NE region
5. 25 years of nuclear test – Nuclear doctrine
6. Role of Assam Rifles and Army
7. Invisible warfare and Grey Zone warfare
8. National Cyber Security Strategy
9. Emerging Technology and Terrorism – New Delhi Declaration
10. Securities threat prevalent in J&K – Concept of hybrid militants and over-ground workers + Village
defence guards
11. Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges/ Tackling fake news
12. Money laundering – PMLA amendment, Cryptocurrencies – Preferred tools of money laundering

Environment:
1. Plastic pollution
2. E-waste management/ battery waste management
3. High Seas treaty
4. Wildlife Protection Amendment Act
5. Himalayan Glaciers
6. Mission LiFE
7. Mangroves for Climate Change
8. COP 27 – mangrove Alliance – Loss and Damage Fund
9. Agroforestry
10. Climate finance
11. Global Methan Pledge
12. Green Hydrogen
13. Indian Antarctic Bill, 2022
14. UN Biodiversity Conference/ River conservation – Success of Namami Gange
15. Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage
16. Forest Conservation Amendment Act
17. Carbon Border Tax

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