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News: Recently, Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla accepted the Opposition’s no confidence motion against the Government.
What is a No-confidence motion?
• Article 75 of the Constitution says that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.
• A No Confidence Motion is a parliamentary procedure used to test the government’s support and majority in the legislature.
• Lok Sabha can remove the ministry from office by passing a no-confidence motion (NCM). The motion needs the support of 50 members.
• A no confidence motion can only be moved in the Lok Sabha.
Who brought the Motion and why?
• The motion was brought to the House by Congress Party MP Gaurav Gogoi amidst the Opposition’s ongoing protests demanding a statement on the situation in Manipur from Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
What is the procedure for moving a NCM?
• A member must submit a written notice before 10 AM, supported by at least 50 members. The Speaker sets a date for discussion within 10 days.
How is NCM different from Censure motion?
|It should state the reasons for its adoption in the Lok Sabha.
|Lok Sabha. It need not state the reasons for its adoption in the Lok Sabha.
|It can be moved against individual ministers or group of ministers or the entire council of ministers.
|It can be moved against the entire council of ministers only.
|It is moved for censuring the COM for specific policies and actions.
|It is moved for ascertaining the confidence of Lok Sabha in the council of ministers.
|If it is passed in the LS, the COM need not resign from the office.
|It is passed in the LS, the COM must resign from office.
Some interesting facts regarding NCM over the years:
• It was during the third Lok Sabha in 1963 that the first motion of no confidence was moved by Acharya J B Kripalani against the government headed by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
• 27 no-confidence motions have been introduced in Lok Sabha since independence and none has passed.
• A total of 12 NCM were initiated against Indira Gandhi when she was PM between 1966 and 1975. In total 15 including her tenure between 1975 and 1981.