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National Human Rights Commission
News: For the 2nd time in a decade, the UN-backed Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) deferred the accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission, India (NHRC-India).
What is GANHRI?
GAHNRI is a global network of NHRIs which is constituted as a non-profit entity (under Swiss law) and Secretariat support is provided by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
It coordinates the relationship between NHRIs and the UN human rights system.
It is the only non-UN body whose internal accreditation system grants access to UN committees – speaking rights and seating at human rights treaty bodies.
What is the Paris principles?
They were defined in 1991 and were adopted by the UN Human Rights Commission (1992) and the UN General Assembly (1993).
They provide the international benchmarks against which NHRI can be accredited.
They set out 6 main criteria that NHRIs are required to meet. The criteria are mandate and competence, autonomy from the government, independence guaranteed by a statute or Constitution, pluralism, adequate resources and adequate powers of investigation.
Institutions accredited with “A status” means full compliance with the Paris Principles.
Why is the accreditation of NHRC-India deferred?
Lack of independence (political interference in appointments), Lack of diversity (in staff and leadership) and accountability.
Insufficient action to protect marginalized communities, religious minorities, and human rights defenders.
Police involvement in probes into human rights violations.
Civil society participation isn’t encouraged enough.
Comply with utmost sincerity all the provisions enshrined in Paris principles.
Implement the decisions and recommendations submitted by NHRC and include members from Civil society, human rights activists within NHRC.
Source – The Hindu