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India’s new Parliament
News: In the 75th year of Independence, India’s new Parliament building, embodying the culture, pride and spirit of the entire nation, was recently inaugurated by the PM of India.
Replacing the old Parliament building, which was completed almost a century ago in 1927, the new structure is a significant addition to the Central Vista project in the national capital.
What was the need for new Parliament building?
The existing Parliament house is almost a century-old Heritage Grade-I building, showing signs of distress and over-utilization.
The present building was never designed to accommodate a bicameral legislature for a full-fledged democracy.
The Central Hall has seating capacity only for 440 persons. It becomes difficult to held Joint-sittings of both the houses.
The number of Lok Sabha seats is likely to increase significantly from the current 545 after 2026.
The addition of services like water supply, sewer lines, etc., has led to seepage of water at several places and impacted the aesthetics of the building.
The old parliament isn’t resilient to face earthquakes. Delhi falls into Seismic-Zone IV.
Communications infrastructure and technology is antiquated in the existing Parliament, and the acoustics of all the halls need improvement.
Key features of new Parliament building:
A “Platinum-rated Green Building” with about 65,000 sq m built-up area, will be divyang friendly.
The triangular shape ensures the optimum utilisation of space.
A larger Lok Sabha hall (888 seats) based on the peacock theme (India’s national bird) and a larger Rajya Sabha hall (384 seats) based on the lotus theme (India’s national flower).
The Lok Sabha may accommodate up to 1,272 seats for joint sessions of Parliament.
A state-of-the-art Constitutional Hall symbolically and physically puts the Indian citizens at the heart of our democracy.
A Central Lounge that will complement the open courtyard (with a banyan – the national tree) will be a place for members to interact with each other.
The new Parliament building prioritizes sustainability and eco-friendliness. It will use green construction materials and incorporate devices to save 30 percent electricity consumption. Rainwater harvesting and solar power generation systems will be implemented to promote renewable energy sources.
Ultra-modern state-of-the-art features like a digitised voting system, well-engineered acoustics and audiovisual systems in the two chambers.
3 ceremonial entrance halls with huge brass images of Mahatma Gandhi, Chanakya, Gargi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, B.R. Ambedkar, and the Chariot Wheel from the Sun Temple at Konark are on display.
Special facilities for the media will also be provided in the new Parliament House. A total of 530 seats will be arranged for media personnel.
The building is designed by Ahmedabad-based HCP Design, Planning and Management under architect Bimal Patel and has been built by Tata Projects Ltd.
The new parliament building is a symbol of the vision and aspirations of India, the spirit of change and continuity and will witness the making of India as ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’.