Global Report on Internal Replacement 2023

Global Report on Internal Replacement 2023
 

News: The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) around the world reached 71 million as of the end of 2022, according to the recently published Global Report on Internal Replacement 2023.
 

About:
 It was released by the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
 Internal displacement refers to people forced to move inside their own borders and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre's report didn’t take into account those who left for different countries.
 

Factors responsible for Displacement:
 Millions of people are uprooted from their homes due to conflict, violence, development projects, disasters and climate change and remain displaced within their countries’ borders.
 

Key Findings:
 The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) around the world reached 71.1 million as of the end of 2022, an increase of 20 per cent from the previous year.
 Pakistan had the highest number of disaster displacements in the world in 2022, at 8.16 million.
 Conflict and violence triggered 28.3 million internal displacements worldwide.
 The conflict in Ukraine triggered nearly 17 million displacements.
 32.6 million people were displaced due to disasters, an increase of 40 per cent from 2021 largely the result of the effects of La Niña which continued or a third consecutive year.
 Of the total disaster displacement, 98 per cent were triggered by weather-related events like floods and storms.
 India recorded the fourth largest disaster displacement, with 2.5 million displacements.
 

How are internal displacements different from Refugees?
 According to the 1951 Refugee Convention, a “refugee” is a person who has been persecuted and forced to leave his native country.
 A precondition of being considered a refugee is that a person crosses an international border. Unlike refugees, internally displaced people are not the subject of any international convention.
 At the international level, no single agency or organisation has been designated as the global lead on protection and assistance of internally displaced persons. However, there are United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

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