Festivals in India

Festivals in India

Context: Several cultural celebrations/harvest festivals are held across many states of India under different names – Makar Sankranti, Pongal, Magh Bihu, Lohri etc. on January 14.

• Makar Sankranti, also known as Uttarayana, is a Hindu festival celebrated annually on January 14 (or January 15 in a leap year).
• It signifies the sun\'s transition into the zodiac sign of Capricorn (Makara), marking the end of the winter solstice and the beginning of longer days.
• It is dedicated to the solar deity Surya, Makar Sankranti is a festival of immense cultural, religious, and agricultural significance observed throughout India.
• It is celebrated under various names across India and neighboring countries, including Pongal, Magh Bihu, Uttarayana, and others.

What rituals are part of Makarsankranti? How is it celebrated?
• Punya Kaal rituals: Activities like bathing, offering Naivedhya to the Sun god, charity, Shraddha rituals, and breaking the fast are performed during Punya Kaal.
• Sacred River Bathing: Worshippers often take a dip in sacred rivers such as the Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery to cleanse themselves of sins.
• Social festivities include colorful decorations, melas (fairs), and dances. In Gujarat, the festival is celebrated with kite flying, symbolizing breaking free from the past and reaching new heights.
• Bonfires are lit, symbolizing the end of winter, especially in regions like Punjab.

• • • Pongal is a harvest festival celebrated in the state of Tamil Nadu. The festival extends for four days and is dedicated to the Sun god.
• The term \'Pongal\' refers both to the festival and the dish prepared during the celebrations.

• Lohri is a popular Punjabi festival celebrated primarily by Sikhs and Hindus.
• It marks the end of winter and the arrival of longer days. This festival is especially significant for communities in the Punjab region of India.
• The day holds cultural and traditional significance, as it is associated with the harvest season and the winter solstice.

• Bihu is a set of three Assamese festivals—Magh Bihu, Bohag Bihu, and Kati Bihu—celebrated in the state of Assam, India. Each Bihu marks a different agricultural stage and season.
• Magh Bihu (Bhogali Bihu) is celebrated in January, it marks the end of the harvesting season.
• Magh Bihu involves community feasts where traditional Assamese sweets and dishes are shared.
• Magh Bihu is marked by the lighting of bonfires, and people participate in traditional Assamese games like buffalo fights.
• In Magh Bihu, makeshift huts called \'Meji\' and \'Bhelaghar\' are constructed and later burned, symbolizing the end of the harvesting season. 

DICS Branches

Our Branches

DICS Ahmedabad


(Head Office)

Address : 506, 3rd EYE THREE (III), Opp. Induben Khakhrawala, Girish Cold Drink Cross Road, CG Road, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, 380009.

Mobile : 8469231587 / 9586028957

Telephone : 079-40098991

E-mail: dics.upsc@gmail.com


Address: A-306, The Landmark, Urjanagar-1, Opp. Spicy Street, Kudasan – Por Road, Kudasan, Gandhinagar – 382421

Mobile : 9723832444 / 9723932444

E-mail: dics.gnagar@gmail.com

DICS Vadodara


Address: 2nd Floor, 9 Shivali Society, L&T Circle, opp. Ratri Bazar, Karelibaugh, Vadodara, 390018

Mobile : 9725692037 / 9725692054

E-mail: dics.vadodara@gmail.com

DICS Surat


Address: 403, Raj Victoria, Opp. Pal Walkway, Near Galaxy Circle, Pal, Surat-394510

Mobile : 8401031583 / 8401031587

E-mail: dics.surat@gmail.com

DICS New Delhi

New Delhi

Address: 53/1, Upper Ground floor, Near Popular juice, Old Rajinder nagar, New Delhi -60

Mobile : 9104830862 / 9104830865

E-mail: dics.newdelhi@gmail.com