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CNG Terminal at Bhavnagar
News: Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the “world’s first CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) terminal” at Bhavnagar in Gujarat recently.
• CNG, also known as compressed natural gas, is an eco-friendly alternative to gasoline.
• Made by compressing natural gas (methane) down to less than 1% of its volume, CNG fuel is safer than gasoline and diesel because it is non-toxic and does not contaminate ground water.
• This natural gas is the same gas that you use daily to heat your home and water, cook on the stove and even to dry your clothes in a dryer.
• The use of CNG fuel is becoming more popular with both commercial and non-commercial vehicles.
|The primary use is as an alternative for fuel in automobiles.
|Various uses such as heating and cooking in homes. It also serves in industrial and agricultural uses.
|The primary component in CNG is Natural methane.
|It involves mixture of propane and butane.
|It is relatively safe as it disperses rapidly into the air.
|It is highly flammable as it is much heavier than air.
|It produces relatively lower quantities of greenhouse gases when compared with LPG.
|It produces relatively large amounts of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas.
|Less dense than liquid fuel.
|More energy available in the same amount.
|The primary source of obtaining CNG is from oil wells, bed methane wells, coal wells and even natural gas wells.
|The main source of obtaining LPG is from the process of extracting natural gas from reservoirs.
|Easily disperses, hence risk of ignition is minimized.
|Since it is difficult to disperse risk of fire is more.