Chicago Convention

Facts for Prelims

Chicago Convention

News: The Union government cleared three protocols related to amendments in Chicago Convention.

What is Chicago Convention?
 Convention on International Civil Aviation (also known as Chicago Convention), was signed on 7 December 1944 by 52 States.

About ICAO:
 The International Civil Aviation Organization (est. 1944, HQ: Montreal, Canada) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (linked to ECOSOC) that coordinates the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.
 It has 193 state parties including all UN members except Liechtenstein.
 Chicago Convention led to the creation of ICAO.
 India is a founding member of ICAO.
 It is not a global regulator; its standards never supersede the primacy of national regulatory requirements.

What are ratified protocols?
 Amend Article 3 (refrain member States from use of weapons against civil aircraft in flight)
 Amend Article 50 (a) for raising the strength of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Council)
 Amend Article 56 (for raising the strength of the Air Navigation Commission)

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