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Azad Hind Government
News: The anniversary of the formation of the Azad Hind Government is celebrated on 21st October every year. The day marks the announcement of India's first independent provisional government named Azad Hind Government.
• On 21st October 1943, Subhash Chandra Bose announced the formation of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind (Free India) in Singapore, with himself as the Head of State, Prime Minister and Minister of War.
• The Provisional Government not only enabled Bose to negotiate with the Japanese on an equal footing but also facilitated the mobilisation of Indians in East Asia to join and support the Indian National Army (INA).
• The struggle for independence was carried on by Subhash Chandra Bose from abroad. He found the outbreak of the Second World War (1939-45) to be a convenient opportunity to strike a blow for the freedom of India.
• Bose had been put under house arrest in 1940 but he managed to escape to Berlin on 28th March, 1941. The Indian community there acclaimed him as the leader (Netaji). He was greeted with ‘Jai Hind’ (Salute to the motherland).
• In 1942, the Indian Independence League was formed and a decision was taken to form the Indian National Army (INA) for the liberation of India.On an invitation from Ras Bihari Bose, Subhash Chandra Bose came to East Asia on 13th June, 1943. He was made president of the Indian Independence League and the leader of the INA popularly called ‘Azad Hind Fauj’.
• The INA was first formed under Mohan Singh and Japanese Major Iwaichi Fujiwara and comprised Indian prisoners of war of the British-Indian Army captured by Japan in the Malayan (present-day Malaysia) campaign and at Singapore.
• In November 1945, a British move to put the INA men on trial immediately sparked massive demonstrations all over the country.He gave the famous battle cry ‘Chalo Dilli’. He promised independence to Indians saying, ‘tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe Azadi dunga’ (You give me blood, I will give you freedom).