Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

News: Anxiety disorders are among the most frequently occurring mental health problems in the community today.

What are Anxiety Disorders?
• Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health conditions that involve excessive and irrational fear and worry about various aspects of life.
• Anxiety disorders can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, culture, or background.
• According to India's National Mental Health Survey, neurosis and stress-related disorders have a prevalence of 3.5% in India.
• These disorders are more commonly observed in women and are often overlooked or misdiagnosed in primary care settings. Childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood are considered high-risk periods for the onset of anxiety disorders.

What are the types of Anxiety disorders?
• Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder.

What are the causes for Anxiety Disorders?
• An increased likelihood of anxiety disorders can be observed in individuals with a family history of anxiety, suggesting a genetic predisposition.
• Imbalances in neurotransmitters, which are responsible for regulating mood and emotions, may play a role in the development of anxiety disorders.
• Traumatic or stressful experiences, such as abuse, violence, loss, or illness, can trigger or exacerbate anxiety disorders. Conversely, even positive life events like marriage, having a baby, or starting a new job can induce anxiety in some individuals.
• Underlying physical health issues, including diabetes, heart disease, thyroid problems, or hormonal imbalances, can contribute to the onset or manifestation of anxiety symptoms.

What initiatives are taken by GOI to address mental health?
• National Mental Health Program (NMHP): The National Mental Health Program (NMHP) was adopted by the government in 1982 in response to the large number of mental disorders and shortage of mental health professionals.
• Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 – Every person affected has access to mental healthcare and treatment from government institutions.
• Manodarpan initiative
• Tele MANAS - Tele-MANAS aims to provide free tele-mental health services all over the country round the clock, particularly catering to people in remote or under-served areas.
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