WIPO treaty 2024 on IP, GR and ATK

News: The Treaty on Intellectual Property (IP), Genetic Resources  (GR), and  Associated  Traditional  Knowledge (ATK)  was adopted at the  World  Intellectual  Property Organization (WIPO) meeting in 2024 in Geneva.
•    The non-legally binding treaty will enter force after 15 parties ratify it. This is the 27th treaty under WIPO and the first in the last ten years. First proposed by Colombia in 1999.
•    It is the first   WIPO   treaty with provisions specifically for Indigenous Peoples and   Local Communities.
•    Mandatory disclosure of Country of Origin: For any claimed invention involving genetic resources, the applicants must disclose the country of origin or source of the genetic resources.
•    Disclosure about IPLC: In case the patent is based on traditional knowledge, the applicant would also have to disclose the Indigenous Peoples or local community that provided it.

Significance for India and the global south

•    Indian  GRs and TK  are currently prone to misappropriation in countries that do  not  have disclosure obligations. A new global treaty will address this.
•    India is a mega biodiversity hotspot with 7-8 percent of global biodiversity and an abundance of traditional knowledge.
•    The new treaty is important because under current laws, while genetic resources themselves cannot be patented, inventions developed using them can be protected.
•    With the majority of the developed countries on board, this treaty paves the way for bridging conflicting paradigms within the IP system and protecting biodiversity.
•    At present, only 35 countries have some form of disclosure obligations, mostly not mandatory.

Concerns raised

•    The final text still does not address the problem of the  biopiracy of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge using patents.
•    Non-disclosure of traditional knowledge sources in a patent application is not grounds for revocation.
•    Lack of on-ground implementation can also be a challenge, as is the case of the Nagoya Protocol under the Convention on Biological Diversity.
•    India had submitted modifications to the text of the treaty, but these were not included in the final text due to a lack of consensus.

DICS Branches

Our Branches

DICS Ahmedabad


(Head Office)

Address : 506, 3rd EYE THREE (III), Opp. Induben Khakhrawala, Girish Cold Drink Cross Road, CG Road, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, 380009.

Mobile : 8469231587 / 9586028957

Telephone : 079-40098991

E-mail: dics.upsc@gmail.com


Address: A-306, The Landmark, Urjanagar-1, Opp. Spicy Street, Kudasan – Por Road, Kudasan, Gandhinagar – 382421

Mobile : 9723832444 / 9723932444

E-mail: dics.gnagar@gmail.com

DICS Vadodara


Address: 2nd Floor, 9 Shivali Society, L&T Circle, opp. Ratri Bazar, Karelibaugh, Vadodara, 390018

Mobile : 9725692037 / 9725692054

E-mail: dics.vadodara@gmail.com

DICS Surat


Address: 403, Raj Victoria, Opp. Pal Walkway, Near Galaxy Circle, Pal, Surat-394510

Mobile : 8401031583 / 8401031587

E-mail: dics.surat@gmail.com

DICS New Delhi

New Delhi(In Association with Edge IAS)

Address: 57/17, 2nd Floor, Old Rajinder Nagar Market, Bada Bazaar Marg, Delhi-60

Mobile : 9104830862 / 9104830865

E-mail: dics.newdelhi@gmail.com