India needs public policy education

India needs public policy education

News: Even though good public policies spur economic growth, and public welfare and improve the ease of living for citizens, there is little interest in public policy education in India.

Need for Public policy education
 Most executive jobs in the organised sector are in government/government-owned agencies and require an understanding of public policy and public administration/public management.
 In spite of talent in Indian bureaucracy, governance is still perceived to be lagging behind private sector management in terms of efficiency and effectiviness.
 It is primarily due to a lack of training in public management as policymakers are under-equipped to develop effective policies.

Why is public management a neglected field in India?
 Inadequate formal education in public management as compared to business management education (there are ~3,182 institutions). Only ~130 public, private and not-for-profit universities offer public administration programmes and only 29 institutes offer public policy programmes.
 Very few jobs are available for people pursuing such courses is main reason why universities don’t have many programmes in public management. Therefore, neither educational institutes nor students find any incentive to prefer public management courses.
 Very few civil servants have had exposure to public management before joining the service. Also, there are a few opportunities for in-service officers to study public management in India and abroad.

 Public management should be one of the compulsory subjects for the UPSC civil service examination. This will help –
 It is preferable for civil servants to have formal education in public management before they enter service.
 There is need to create an opportunity or incentives for universities and private institutions to offer the subject at the graduate or PG level. It will help students become better citizens as well as effective private sector managers.
 The existing training institutions of the government should have a larger component of public policy as part of induction training.
 The government can create certain specialized positions for public policy analysts to create new job avenues for the graduates of public policy programmes. 

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