Global Drug Policy Index

Global Drug Policy Index

News: Recently, the inaugural Global Drug Policy Index was released by the Harm Reduction Consortium.It is a data-driven global analysis of drug policies and their implementation which comes at a time when the Indian government is reviewing the provisions of the Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic substances act 1985.The Harm Reduction Consortium is a global consortium of networks aiming to challenge the global “war on drugs”, scale up access to harm reduction services, and advocate for increased resources for harm reduction.

Details:
• It is a unique tool that documents, measures and compares national-level drug policies.It provides each country with a score and ranking that shows how much their drug policies and their implementation align with the United Nations principles of human rights, health and development.
• The Index provides an essential accountability and evaluation mechanism in the field of drug policy.
• It evaluates the performance of 30 countries covering all regions of the world.
• The global dominance of drug policies based on repression and punishment has led to low scores overall, with a median score of just 48/100, and the topranking country (Norway) only reaching 74/100.
• Standards and expectations from civil society experts on drug policy implementation vary from country to country.
• Inequality is deeply seated in global drug policies, with the top-ranking 5 countries scoring 3 times as much as the lowest-ranking 5 countries.
• This is in part due to the colonial legacy of the ‘war on drugs’ approach.
• Drug policies disproportionately affect people marginalised on the basis of their gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation and socio-economic status.
• There are wide disparities between state policies and how they are implemented on the ground.
• With a few exceptions, the meaningful participation of civil society and affected communities in drug policy processes remains severely limited.
• India’s rank is 18 out of 30 countries. It has an overall score of 46/100.
Using extreme sentencing and responses, it has a score of 63/100.
Health and harm reduction, 49/100.
Proportionality of criminal justice response, 38/100.
Availability and access of internationally controlled substances for the relief of pain and suffering, 33 /100.  

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