Nuclear Liability

Facts for Prelims

Nuclear Liability

News: Recently, talks between Indian and French officials over several issues, including liability, for the construction of six nuclear power reactors in Maharashtra’s Jaitapur haven’t yielded positive outputs.
* India’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act (CLNDA) was one of the reason including others.

What is Nuclear Liability?

* It refers to the legal responsibility for damages and compensation in case of a nuclear accident or incident. It involves determining who is responsible for the damages caused and who will pay for the compensation of those affected.
* India’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act (CLNDA)

What is India’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act?

1. It is an Indian law enacted in 2010 to provide a civil liability regime for nuclear damage in India. Key provisions of the Act are as follows:
2. It provides for strict and no-fault liability on the operator, where it will be held liable for damage regardless of any fault on its part.
3. Concept of supplier of equipment’s liability over and above that of the operator’s
4. It specifies the liability of nuclear operators
5. The compensation payable in the event of a nuclear incident and the process for claiming compensation
6. Establishes the Nuclear Damage Claims Commission to adjudicate claims for compensation
7. Additionally, it provides for Nuclear Liability Fund to provide financial support in the event of a nuclear incident. 

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