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‘Gender Disparity’ seen in Organ Transplantation
News: The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO) data which is collected between 1995- 2021 revealed a sharp gender disparity in organ transplants in India.
• National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) is a National level organization set up under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health. It has been mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
• It functions as the apex centre for all Indian activities for procurement, distribution and registry of organs and tissue donation and transplantation in the country.
• Between 1995 and 2021, out of the total 36,640 patients who underwent organ transplants, 29,695 were men and only 6,945 were women. (Although studies show that the number of women donors is higher than men).
• Kidney transplants are known to be the most common, followed by liver, heart, and lung transplants.
• Delhi topped the table in living donor transplants, while Tamil Nadu remained the leader in deceased donor transplants.
Laws related to organ transplants in India
• Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994
• National Organ Transplant Programme(NOTP)