Megha Tropiques 1

Facts for Prelims

Megha Tropiques 1

News: Recently, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has successfully carried out the controlled ReEntry experiment for the decommissioned Megha-Tropiques-1 (MT-1) Satellite.

 It is an Indo-French Earth Observation Satellite, which was launched in October 2011 for carrying out tropical weather and climate studies
 The main objective of this mission is to understand the life cycle of convective systems that influence the tropical weather and climate and their role in the associated energy and moisture budget of the atmosphere in tropical regions.

What were its payloads?
 Microwave Analysis and Detection of Rain and Atmospheric Structures (MADRAS), an Imaging Radiometer developed jointly by CNES (Centre National d'études Spatiales), France and ISRO;
 Sounder for Probing Vertical Profiles of Humidity (SAPHIR), from CNES;
 Scanner for Radiation Budget (ScaRaB), from CNES;
 Radio Occultation Sensor for Vertical Profiling of Temperature and Humidity (ROSA), procured from Italy. 

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