Maharana Pratap

News: The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tribute to Maharana Pratap on his Jayanti.

About Maharana Pratap:

  • Rana Pratap Singh also known as Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan.
  • He was the 13thKing of Mewar and was the eldest son of Udai Singh II
  • Maharana Udai Singh II ruled the kingdom of Mewar, with his capital at Chittor.
  • Udai Singh II was also a founder of the city of Udaipur (Rajasthan).

Story of Battle of Haldighati:

  • Mughal Emperor Akbar was intent on securing the rest of Mewar in order to secure a stable route to the economic powerhouse of Gujarat. Upon the ascension of Maharana Pratap in 1572, Mughal Emperor Akbarsent many diplomatic missions to convince him to become a vassal of the Mughal Empire like the other Rajput rulers in the region had done so as Maharana Pratap refused to submit in person to Akbar, thus ensuring that war would be inevitable.
  • The forces of Mewar and the Mughal Empire met at the narrow mountain passes of Haldighati near modern-day Rajsamand in Rajasthan. As per the contemporary historians, the Army of Mewar of 3000 cavalry and 400 Bhil archers faced a Mughal Army numbering between 5000 and 1000 consisting of elephants and musketeers. The Battle of Haldighati lasted for six hours which led to the defeat of Maharana Pratap. However, he beat a tactical retreat due to the sacrifice of his commanders and lived to fight another day.
  • The battle of Haldighati was a futile victory for the Mughals as they were unable to capture Maharana Pratap or his immediate family members. When the Mughal Army shifted its focus towards the North-Western regions of India, Maharana Pratap launched a campaign to take back the western regions of Mewar.

Return of Maharana Pratap:

  • After 1579, the Mughal pressure relaxed over Mewar and Pratap recovered Western Mewar including Kumbhalgarh, Udaipur and Gogunda.
  • During this period, he also built a new capital, Chavand, near modern Dungarpur.