News: The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for the Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary. It also approved the decision to support the Gram Nyayalayas by proving recurring and non-recurring grants for a period of 5 years with a total outlay of Rs 50 crores.
- Adequacy of judicial infrastructure is critical for the reduction of pendency and backlog of cases in Courts.
- Several courts are still functioning in rented premises with insufficient space and some in dilapidated conditions without basic amenities.
- Well-equipped judicial infrastructure facilitates the administration of justice in a manner that allows easy access and timely delivery of justice to all.
- A Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary has been in operation since 1993-94. Adequacy of judicial infrastructure is critical for the reduction of pendency and backlog of cases in Courts.
- The primary responsibility of infrastructure development for the subordinate judiciary rests with the State Governments. The present proposal provides for additional activities like the construction of lawyer halls, toilets complexes and digital computer rooms.
- This will add to the convenience of lawyers and litigants besides reducing the digital divide.
- Gram Nyayalayas or village courts are established under the Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 for speedy and easy access to the justice system in the rural areas of India.
- The Act came into force from 2nd October 2009. A Gram Nyayalaya has jurisdiction over an area specified by a notification by the State Government in consultation with the respective High Court.
- The Court can function as a mobile court at any place within the jurisdiction of such Gram Nyayalaya, after giving wide publicity to that regard.
- They have both civil and criminal jurisdiction over the offences. The Gram Nyayalaya Portal helps online monitoring of working of the Gram Nyayalayas by the implementing states.