Indus River Dolphin

News: Recently, Punjab’s wildlife preservation wing has batted for conservation of Indus River dolphins and also their natural habitat. The Indus River dolphin was declared the State aquatic animal of Punjab in 2019.


  • Scientific NamePlatanista gangetica minor
  • According to a recent study of South Asian River dolphins, Indus and Ganges River dolphins are not one, but two separate species. Currently, they are classified as two subspecies under Platanista gangetica.
  • Like other freshwater dolphins (such as Ganges river dolphins) , the Indus river dolphin is an important indicator of the health of a river.
  • Other dolphins found in Indian waters include: Ganges River DolphinsIrrawaddy dolphins.
  • They can only be found in the lower parts of the Indus River in Pakistan and in River Beas, a tributary of the Indus River in Punjab, India.
  • Threats to Indus River Dolphins include Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources, Dams & water management/use, Domestic & urban waste water, Industrial & military effluents, Agricultural & forestry effluents.
  • Conservation Status:
    • International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN):
    • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES):Appendix I
    • Indian Wildlife (Protection), Act 1972:Schedule I