Global Nutrition Report 2021

News: According to the recently released Global Nutrition Report (GNR, 2021), India has made no progress on anaemia and childhood wasting.

Details:

  • At the current rate of progress, the global nutrition targets will not be achieved by 2025 globally and in most countries worldwide. There is substantial variation in data availability and progress towards the global nutrition targets across 194 countries.
  • Only seven countries are on track to meet four of the six maternal, infant and young child nutrition targets by 2025, while no country is ‘on track’ to halt the rise in adult obesity or achieve a 30% relative reduction in salt/sodium intake. The Covid-19 pandemic is impeding progress towards achieving the global nutrition targets.
  • An estimated additional 155 million people have been pushed into extreme poverty globally, while people with diet-related chronic diseases experience worse Covid-19 outcomes. The previous decade has seen little progress in improving diets, and a quarter of all deaths among adults are attributable to poor diets.
  • Food production currently generates more than a third of all greenhouse gas emissions globally, and uses substantial and rising amounts of environmental resources. No region is on track to meet the Sustainable Development Goals aimed at limiting health and environmental burdens related to diets and the food system.

India Specific Data:

  • Over half of Indian women in the age group 15-49 years are anaemic. There has been a rise in anaemic Indian women since 2016 from 52.6% to 53% in 2020.
  • Over 17% of Indian children under 5 years of age are affected. India is also among 23 countries that have made no progress or are worsening on reducing ‘childhood wasting’.
  • Over 34% of children under 5 years of age are still affected. India is among 53 countries ‘on course’ to meet the target for stunting.
  • The country is among 105 countries that are ‘on course’ to meet the target for ‘childhood overweight’.
  • India is meeting 7 of the 13 global nutrition targets which include sodium intake, raised blood pressure (both men and women), obesity (both men and women) and diabetes (both men and women).