Global Cyber Security Index 2020

News: United Nations’ specialised agency for information and communication technologies — International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has released the Global Cyber Security Index (GCI) 2020.

About the index:

  • The index is a trusted reference that measures the commitment of countries to cybersecurity at a global level.
  • Countries are measured along five pillars, namely, legal measures, technical measures, organisational measures, capacity development, and cooperation to generate an overall score.
  • The countries were asked 82 questions where 20 indicators were measured.
  • On the basis of performance on five parameters of cybersecurity, which are,
    • Legal measures,
    • technical measures,
    • organisational measures,
    • capacity development, and
  • The performance is then aggregated into an overall score.

Details:

  • The US topped (1st), followed by the UK (United Kingdom) and Saudi Arabia tied on the second position together. Estonia was ranked third (3rd) in the index.
  • India scored a total of 97.5 points from a possible maximum of 100 points, to make it to the tenth position worldwide in the GCI 2020. India secured the fourth position in the Asia Pacific region.
  • India is emerging as a global IT superpower, asserting its digital sovereignty with firm measures to safeguard data privacy and online rights of citizens.
  • The result shows substantial overall improvement and strengthening under all parameters of the cybersecurity domain.

India’s Efforts:

  • India is working on its first Cyber Security Strategy.
  • Computer Emergency Response Teams or CERT is responsible for coordinating and supporting the response to computer security events or incidents on the national or government level.
  • Online cybercrime reporting portal has been launched to enable complainants to report complaints pertaining to Child Pornography/Child Sexual Abuse Material, rape/gang rape imageries or sexually explicit content.
  • A scheme for establishment of Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) has been established to handle issues related to cybercrime in the country in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
  • Establishment of National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) for protection of critical information infrastructure in the country.

Challenges to Cyber Security in India:

  • Deploying multiple cybersecurity tools reinforces a fragmented and complex security environment that is prone to risks arising from human error.
  • Cybersecurity challenges companies face as they shift the majority of their employees to a remote working arrangement in a really short period of time.
  • India lacks indigenization in hardware as well as software cybersecurity tools. This makes India’s cyberspace vulnerable to cyberattacks motivated by state and non-state actors.
  • India doesn’t have an ‘active cyber defense’ like the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or the US’ Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data (CLOUD) Act.