Annual Report of RBI for 2020-21

News: Recently, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released its Annual Report for 2020-21.

Foreign Exchange:

  • Gain from foreign exchange transactions rose from Rs 29,993 crore to Rs 50,629 crore in 2020-21. Foreign Exchange is the trading of one currency for another.
  • RBI has been able to transfer a higher amount to the government as surplus this year following a sharp fall in provisions (drop in expenditure was on account of a lower provision) and gains from foreign exchange transactions during the year ended March 2021. It transferred Rs. 99,122 crore to the government which is likely to boost the government’s finances. It helped the government even as the Covid pandemic continued.
  • The rupee strengthened by 3.5% against the US dollar (at end-March 2021 over end-March 2020) but underperformed vis-a-vis other Asian countries during 2020-21.
  • Bank frauds of Rs.1 lakh and more fell by 25% in value in the year 2020-21 with the number of such cases also seeing a decline of 15% during the year.
  • The Covid-19 pandemic increased the proliferation of digital modes of payments.
  • The prospects for FinTech in India’s financial system in 2021-22 will depend upon the degree of entrenchment of digital usage. Various initiatives such as an innovation hub, a regulatory sandbox and offline payment solutions are underway to ensure that in the digital ecosystem, India maintains its position as a leader.
  • The RBI is also in the process of extending the geo-tagging framework put in place to capture location of bank branches and ATMs to cover payment system touch points, enabling accurate capture of their location across the country.
  • Further, the possibility of leveraging India’s domestic payment systems to facilitate cross-border transactions is being explored, and corridors and charges for inward remittances will be reviewed.
  • The RBI will ensure a comfortable level of liquidity in the system during 2021- 22 in alignment with the stance of monetary policy. This is exemplified by the introduction of the secondary market G-sec acquisition programme (G-SAP).
  • Monetary transmission will continue unimpeded while maintaining financial stability. Monetary transmission refers to the process by which a central bank’s monetary policy signals (like repo rate) are passed on, through the financial system to influence the businesses and households.
  • As the vaccination drive picks up and cases of infections fall, a sharp turnaround in growth is likely, supported by strong favourable base effects. The base effect refers to the effect that the choice of a basis of comparison or reference can have on the result of the comparison between data points.
  • RBI predicted 10.5% GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth for the year 2021-22.